Advances in Ceramic Science and Engineering (ACSE)

Email: acse@seipub.org
Frequency: Continuous Publication
ISSN Online: 2325-6885
ISSN Print: 2325-5129
RSS
Paper Infomation

Developing Computer Aided Ceramic Glaze Recipes Using Local Raw Materials

Full Text(PDF, 524KB)

Author: ADELABU Oluwafemi Samuel, KASHIM Isah Bolaji, AKINBOGUN Tolulope Lawrence

Abstract: Although the traditional ceramic practices have been long in Nigeria, the full impact of the global advances in ceramic glaze technology is yet to be felt. Existentially, the prevailing approaches to glaze composition by local ceramic practitioners have remained hands-on trial and error methods including the use of already-prepared glazes which often do not deliver as expected due to unpredictable conditions. With the growing awareness on computer based glaze composition coupled with the need to improve glaze using materials from local sources; this study thus makes attempt on filling the existing gap between indigenous glaze quality tradition in Nigeria and the scientific prowess of modern glaze technology. To this end, survey multifaceted survey and glaze experiments was set up at exploring the potentials for developing computer aided ceramic glaze recipes based on existing local glaze recipes using available raw materials in Nigeria. The main experimental instruments included two sampled glaze software packages and 51 collections of locally tried glaze recipes. By adapting the software database for a new set of Nigerian raw materials, the study established the potentialities of an analytical approach to glaze formulation and the need to take advantage of the abundant ceramic raw materials in Nigeria for a time-saving, predictive and improved glazed ceramics production process. It is believed that this study could serve as a springboard to simplify glaze ‘mysteries’ and provide local ceramic practitioners with insight to explore the glaze tools and materials within their reach.

Keywords: Stoneware Glazes; Glaze Software; Glaze Chemistry; Computer Aided Glaze Design; Local Raw Materials



References:

[1] Adelabu, Oluwafemi S. Documentation, Application and Utilisation of Clay Minerals in Kaduna State (Nigeria), in Ed. M. Valaškova and G. S. Martynkova (Eds.) Clay Minerals in Nature - Their Characterization, Modification and Application, InTech, 2012.

[2] Adelabu, Oluwafemi S. “Development of Computer Aided Ceramics Glazes using Local Raw Materials in Nigeria”, M. Tech Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, August 2011.

[3] Adelabu, Oluwafemi S. and Kashim, Isah B. “Clay mineral: a case study of its potentialities in selected parts of Kaduna state of Nigeria,” in Proc. ICEMT, 2010, Cairo, p. 655-659.

[4] Akinbogun, Tolulope L. “Anglo-Nigeria studio pottery culture: a differential factor in studio pottery practice between Northern and Southern Nigeria,” The International Journal of the Arts in Society, Vol 3(5), pp. 87-96, 2009.

[5] Banks, M. and Altmann, S. How a material chemical analysis is done, 2008. Available at http://digitalfire.com/4sight/education/how_a_material_chemical_analysis_is_done_136.html.

[6] Buck, T. (1999). Glazes frequently asked questions. Available:http://www.astbury.org/pottery/nglazfaq.htm.

[7] Cardew, M. Pioneer Pottery, London: Longman Group Ltd, 1969.

[8] Colbeck, J. Pottery Materials: their Composition, Preparation and Use. London: BT Batsford Limited, 1988.

[9] Ewing, Lawrence (2011) Matrix2000. [Online]. http://www.matrix2000.co.nz/Index.cfm

[10] Ewing, Lawrence (2009). Glaze software - Recipe to Formula. Available: http://www.glazetechnology.com/Year1/6.cfm?sample=yes.

[11] Gascoigne, B. “History of pottery and porcelain”, HistoryWorld, from 2001, ongoing. Available: http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ab98.

[12] Kashim, Isah B. The place of ceramics today, Ceramics Technical, vol. 32, pp. 89-94, 2011.

[13] Kashim, Isah B. and Adelabu, Oluwafemi S. “The Current Emphasis on Science and Technology in Nigeria: Dilemmas of Art Education,” Leonardo Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Science and Technology, vol. 43 (3), pp. 269-273, 2010.

[14] Kashim, Isah B. and Akinbogun Tolulope L. “Contemporary Nigerian Craft Potter at Crossroad: the Dilemma of Ceramic Practice as Art, Science and Engineering in the new Millennium,” ASHAKWU Journal of Ceramics, vol. 1 (1), pp. 71-77. 2007.

[15] Kothari, C. R., Research Methodology, Methods and Techniques. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 2004.

[16] Latorre, K (2009). Glaze Talk. An Electronic Information Book on Basics of Glaze. Available: http://www.ottawaguildofpotters.ca/learn/newsletter/newsletter-archive/February%202003%20OGP%20Newsletter.pdf

[17] Pameerselvan, R. Research Methodology, New Delhi: Prenticer Hall of India Private Limited, 2007.

[18] Parmelee, W. Ceramic Glazes. Boston: Cahners Books. 3rd Ed. 1973.

[19] Rado, P. An Introduction to the Technology of Pottery, England: Pergamon Press, 1988.

[20] Rhodes, D. Clay and Glazes for the Potters, New York: Pitman Publishing Corporation, 1972.

[21] Rhodes, D. and Hopper R., Clay and Glazes for the Potter, Revised Edition, Lola, WI: Krause Publications, 2000.

[22] Richard, Burkett (2011) HyperGlazeX. [Online]. www.hyperglaze.com.

[23] Romanosoglou, C., Alexandridis, T., Tsapoga M., Papaioannoy, E. and Karadimas, N. V. “Glaze calculation software based on the Seger method with recipe mixing utilities, limit formulas and toxicity measurements,” in Proc. 9th WSEAS Intl. Conf., p. 45-49, February 2010.

[24] Singer, F. and Singer, S. Industrial Ceramics, London: Chapman and Hall, 1963.

[25] Taylor J. R. and Bull, A. Ceramics Glazes Technology. London: Pergamon Press, 1986.